The Starry Night by Vincent van Gogh
The Starry Night (1889) is one of the most celebrated oil canvases by Vincent van Gogh. He created it during his one-year stay at the Saint-Paul-de-Mausole asylum near Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, France, after his ear incident. The artist apprehended the issues of painting a nighttime landscape, which he expressed in his letters to his brother and sister, and wanted to experience that challenge. He considered night more vivid than it seemed.
The canvas depicts a starry night before the sunrise, which the artist watched through the iron-barred window of his room on the second floor above his studio, with the creative addition of an imaginary and idealised village. Later, it was proved that in this work as well as in Café Terrace at Night, van Gogh accurately placed the Big Bear constellation in the sky. Also, Albert Boime, an American art historian using modern planetarium’s recreation of how the sky would look on June 19 of 1889, declared that the morning star in the painting is Venus.
Unlike most of his works, van Gogh painted this one from memory and imagination during the day in his studio just a few months before his suicide. There is an assumption that stars in the painting appear to flicker, which can be explained by the way the human brain functions.
The value of the painting is estimated over $100 million. Its home is the Manhattan’s Museum of Modern Art (MOMA), which purchased the painting from a private collector in 1941.