Claude Monet is a renowned French artist, born on November 14, 1840, in Paris and grew up in Le Hevre, Normandy. Monet was the founder of Impressionism, though at the dawn of his art career he drew charcoal caricatures of his teachers and the town’s residents. His meeting with artist Eugène Boudin in 1857 changed his artistic path. Boudin inspired Monet and introduced him to oil paints and the “plein air” technique. Disappointed in traditional schooling, Monet studied art with Swiss artist Charles Gleyre, where he engaged in exploring the effects of light, painting the same subject at different times of day.
Besides oil paint, Monet worked with pastels. He liked such colours as flake white, cadmium yellow, vermilion, deep madder, cobalt blue, and emerald green. He excluded browns, black, and earth colours from his palette. The artist created his works exclusively outdoors, from start to finish. Camille, his first wife, was his muse, model, and mother of his two children. Monet experienced financial hardship, which brought the artist to a suicide attempt in 1868 when he tried to drown himself in the Seine River. When Camille died in eleven years later, he locked the door and used the solitude to capture the last image of his beloved woman. It resulted in his most intense painting, “Camille Monet on Her Deathbed”.